The Rothschild’s Giraffe are part of a recent genetic study by the Giraffe Conservation Foundation, and are now considered the Nubian Giraffe G. c. camelopardalis a subspecies of the Northern Giraffe. Soysambu currently hosts a population of approximately 124 giraffes. As of August 2018, we have identified 50 males, 41 females and 33 young.
Unfortunately, on August 27, 2018, another magnificent male, Argos, was killed by a power line. These electrical lines are deadly to the tallest terrestrial mammal. Argos is the sixth endangered giraffe killed by power lines in the past 10 years.
The current estimate of Nubian giraffe is 2,160 individuals, ranging across eastern South Sudan, western Ethiopia, northern Uganda and west-central Kenya. Large herds have been reported in South Sudan, but this information is difficult to confirm and their numbers might be much lower due to ongoing insecurity in the region. In 2010 Rothschild’s giraffe were classified as Endangered and of high conservation importance on the IUCN Red List. There are approximately 535 Nubian Giraffe in Kenya.
One of our goals for our Giraffe Program is to assist in restocking areas of Kenya where the Rothschild’s are indigenous.
In 2011, eight Soysambu giraffe were successfully translocated to Ruko Conservancy on Lake Baringo.
In 2016, a further eight Giraffe were translocated to Rimoi National Reserve in the Kerio Valley.
Identification of individuals is critical to understand individual behaviour and important in investigating aspects of species ecology, e.g. population structure and dynamics, density, distribution and seasonal movement, home range analysis and habitat preference. Single species studies have adopted many different methods to aid in the quick and easy identification of individuals, including coat patterns, colour, tail length, scars, and horn variations. The identification of individuals generally enables a closer relationship between study species and researcher, leading to higher data resolution and increased knowledge of species ecology.
Our Ecological Monitoring Team currently spend two days a week observing our herds of giraffe. They photograph each individual and note the group composition GPS location. This is entered on a raw data collection sheet and brought back to the office for compilation into a monitoring report.
For each giraffe an identification sheet is produced and updated over time.
||ID: Foo2 Sophie|
||Age Class: A|
||Distinguishing Features: Limping, very long tail.|
||Right Features: Dark slanting bow tie shape on the neck plus one specific diamond at the base of the neck.|
||Left Features: Flower with seven petals on the back plus light erased spots on the neck.|